Quarta-feira, 24 de Março de 2010

Breakthrough Is Reported in U.S. Arms Pact With Russia

WASHINGTON — President Obama and his Russian counterpart, President Dmitri A. Medvedev, have broken through a logjam in their arms control negotiations and expect to sign a new treaty in Prague next month that would slash American and Russian nuclear arsenals, officials from both nations said Wednesday.

 

 ... in http://www.nytimes.com/2010/03/25/world/europe/25start.html?hp

 

Mr. Obama and Mr. Medvedev still need to talk once more to finalize the agreement, but officials were optimistic that the deal was nearly done.

 

The two sides have discussed a signing ceremony in Prague in early April, marking the anniversary of the first meeting between the two presidents and of Mr. Obama’s speech outlining his vision for eventually eliminating nuclear weapons.

 

The new pact would replace the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty of 1991, which expired in December, and would require both sides to reduce their warheads and launchers by more than one-quarter. The agreement is the most significant accomplishment so far for Mr. Obama’s policy of trying to “reset” relations with Russia. It is intended to pave the way for another more far-reaching round of reductions later in his term.

 

Neither the White House nor the Kremlin would formally comment on Wednesday, but officials on both sides confirmed that an agreement was close to done. A Kremlin official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said there was basic agreement on the text of the pact, although not all the wording had been finalized. He confirmed that Prague would be the likely location of a signing ceremony, although that too needed to be finalized.

 

Mr. Obama met at the White House on Wednesday morning with Senators John F. Kerry of Massachusetts and Richard G. Lugar of Indiana, the senior Democrat and Republican on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, to brief them on the status of the treaty. To go into effect, a signed treaty would have to be ratified both by the United States Senate and by the Russian parliament.

 

The breakthrough ended nearly a year of difficult and tumultuous negotiations that went on far longer than the two sides initially expected. Mr. Obama and Mr. Medvedev first agreed to negotiate a treaty during a meeting in London last April, and then set parameters for the agreement during a meeting in Moscow in July. But the December deadline for finishing it came and went without a deal.

 

The two sides quarreled over issues like verifying compliance, sharing telemetry and limiting missile defense programs. Mr. Obama scrapped former President George W. Bush’s original plans for an antimissile shield in Europe and offered a new plan, but Moscow objected to the new version as well and wanted the treaty to restrict the American program. Mr. Obama refused, and the Russians eventually had to settle for nonbinding language recognizing the relationship between offensive and defensive weapons.

 

The treaty would require each side to reduce deployed strategic nuclear warheads to roughly 1,600, down from 2,200 now, officials have said. It would also oblige each side to reduce its arsenal of strategic bombers and land- and sea-based missiles to 800, half the old limit of 1,600.

 

Arms control advocates consider those reductions to be relatively modest. But Mr. Obama wanted to negotiate a relatively straightforward replacement for the Start treaty as a way to rebuild trust with Moscow, leading to more ambitious agreements down the road.

 

Once this first treaty is done, the administration wants to open talks on further reductions in deployed strategic nuclear warheads, perhaps down to 1,000 each, as well as elimination of at least some of the thousands of strategic warheads currently in storage, and the thousands more tactical nuclear bombs that each side has.

 

If the two sides do finalize the treaty and sign it in Prague in early April, it would boost the momentum for the broader nuclear nonproliferation summit that Mr. Obama is scheduled to convene in Washington on April 12 and 13. The United States and Russia could go to that summit, and a later meeting on the nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty, with tangible progress to show in meeting their disarmament goals.

 

A new arms control treaty would also be politically valuable for the White House, joining the new health-care legislation Mr. Obama signed on Tuesday in demonstrating progress on both foreign and domestic issues after months of frustration over unmet goals. Mr. Obama and Mr. Medvedev managed to finally cut through their final disagreements during a telephone call on March 13, even as the American president was pressing House Democrats to pass his health care plan.

 

Peter Baker reported from Washington and Ellen Barry from Moscow.  

publicado por sherpas às 19:07
link do post | comentar | favorito
|

.mais sobre mim


. ver perfil

. seguir perfil

. 11 seguidores

.pesquisar

.Maio 2017

Dom
Seg
Ter
Qua
Qui
Sex
Sab
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
31

.Subscrever por e-mail

A subscrição é anónima e gera, no máximo, um e-mail por dia.

.posts recentes

. ... sabores!!!...

. ... experimentação!!!...

. ... PIRATAS!!!...

. ... descalçar... as BOTAS...

. ... pérolas!!!...

. ... bocejo!!!...

. ... reprimenda!!!...

. ... heróis e... cavaleiro...

. ... se possível fosse!!!....

. ... TATE!!!...

.arquivos

. Maio 2017

. Abril 2017

. Março 2017

. Fevereiro 2017

. Janeiro 2017

. Dezembro 2016

. Outubro 2016

. Setembro 2016

. Agosto 2016

. Maio 2016

. Abril 2016

. Fevereiro 2016

. Janeiro 2016

. Dezembro 2015

. Novembro 2015

. Agosto 2015

. Junho 2015

. Maio 2015

. Abril 2015

. Março 2015

. Fevereiro 2015

. Janeiro 2015

. Dezembro 2014

. Novembro 2014

. Outubro 2014

. Setembro 2014

. Agosto 2014

. Julho 2014

. Junho 2014

. Maio 2014

. Abril 2014

. Fevereiro 2014

. Janeiro 2014

. Dezembro 2013

. Outubro 2013

. Setembro 2013

. Agosto 2013

. Julho 2013

. Junho 2013

. Maio 2013

. Abril 2013

. Março 2013

. Fevereiro 2013

. Dezembro 2012

. Novembro 2012

. Outubro 2012

. Setembro 2012

. Julho 2012

. Junho 2012

. Maio 2012

. Abril 2012

. Março 2012

. Fevereiro 2012

. Janeiro 2012

. Dezembro 2011

. Novembro 2011

. Outubro 2011

. Agosto 2011

. Julho 2011

. Maio 2011

. Abril 2011

. Março 2011

. Novembro 2010

. Outubro 2010

. Setembro 2010

. Agosto 2010

. Julho 2010

. Junho 2010

. Maio 2010

. Abril 2010

. Março 2010

. Fevereiro 2010

. Janeiro 2010

. Dezembro 2009

. Novembro 2009

. Outubro 2009

. Setembro 2009

. Agosto 2009

. Julho 2009

. Junho 2009

. Maio 2009

. Abril 2009

. Março 2009

. Fevereiro 2009

. Janeiro 2009

. Dezembro 2008

. Novembro 2008

. Outubro 2008

. Setembro 2008

. Agosto 2008

. Julho 2008

. Junho 2008

. Maio 2008

. Abril 2008

. Março 2008

. Fevereiro 2008

. Janeiro 2008

. Dezembro 2007

. Novembro 2007

. Outubro 2007

. Setembro 2007

. Agosto 2007

. Julho 2007

. Junho 2007

. Maio 2007

. Abril 2007

. Março 2007

. Fevereiro 2007

. Janeiro 2007

. Dezembro 2006

. Novembro 2006

. Outubro 2006

. Setembro 2006

. Agosto 2006

. Junho 2006

. Maio 2006

. Abril 2006

. Março 2006

.favoritos

. ... antes que... a vida, ...

.links

.participar

. participe neste blog

blogs SAPO

.subscrever feeds